Now Available: Our 2023 State of Patient Empowerment Report Learn more >>

Top three fertility preservation options for men undergoing cancer treatment

Boy learning to ride a bicycle with his father in park. Father teaching his son cycling at park.

Cancer treatment poses numerous challenges, with fertility concerns ranking high for many men. Cancer treatments such as chemotherapy and radiation can significantly affect sperm quality, quantity, and overall reproductive health. The extent of the impact varies with the type of treatment, dosage, and the individual’s age and health status. The potential impact of necessary treatment on fertility is a pressing issue, but advancements in reproductive technology now provide several avenues for preserving fertility. 

  1. Sperm banking: The most straightforward and effective fertility preservation method for men is sperm banking. Before starting treatment, sperm is collected and frozen for future use. This process is simple, relatively inexpensive, and can be a source of hope for future family planning.
  2. Testicular shielding: During radiation therapy, protecting the testicles with lead shielding can minimize exposure and reduce the risk of fertility loss.
  3. Testicular tissue freezing: Although still experimental, this method involves freezing testicular tissue containing sperm for later use. 

Consulting a fertility specialist prior to initiating cancer treatment is essential. Their expertise allows you to comprehend your fertility preservation options and identify the most suitable strategy tailored to your unique circumstances. It’s important to explore the financial aspects of these options and verify what your insurance covers. Fortunately, numerous financial assistance programs exist to mitigate the expenses associated with sperm banking. The dual burden of a cancer diagnosis coupled with concerns about fertility can be emotionally taxing. Engaging with counseling services or support groups can offer not only a source of emotional solace but also access to a wealth of helpful information, ensuring you’re supported both mentally and practically throughout this time.

For men undergoing cancer treatment, the possibility of preserving fertility offers a glimmer of hope and control over future family planning. By taking proactive steps and exploring available options, men can address fertility concerns before treatment begins, paving the way for potential parenthood in the future. It’s a journey that underscores the importance of hope, resilience, and the advances in medical science that make these choices possible.


For men facing the challenging path of cancer treatment, concerns about the future, particularly fertility, can be a significant source of stress. But you don’t have to navigate it alone. Outcomes4Me is here to empower you with personalized, evidence-based information directly related to your cancer treatment and survivorship options.

Related Articles

A breast cancer diagnosis can be an overwhelming experience filled with complex terminology and metrics...
Navigating a breast cancer diagnosis involves confronting a myriad of uncertainties, not least of which...